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PHP Internals News: Episode 74: Fibers

syndicated from on February 4, 2021

PHP Internals News: Episode 74: Fibers

In this episode of "PHP Internals News" I talk with Aaron Piotrowski (Twitter, Website, GitHub) about an RFC that he is proposing to add Fibers to PHP.

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Derick Rethans 0:14

Hi I'm Derick. Welcome to PHP internals news, the podcast dedicated to explaining the latest developments in the PHP language. This is Episode 74. Today I'm talking with Aaron Piotrowski about a Fiber RFC, that he's working on together with Nicolas Keller. Aaron, would you please introduce yourself.

Aaron Piotrowski 0:33

Hi everyone I'm Aaron Piotrowski, I started programming with PHP back in 1998 with PHP three, so I've just dated myself there but, but I've worked with a lot of different languages over the last few decades but PHP is always continually remaining, one of my favourite and I'm always drawn back to it. I've gotten a lot more involved with the PHP projects since PHP seven. The Fiber RFC is my first major contribution I have attempted though. In the past I did the RFC for the throwable exception hierarchy. And the Iterable pseudo type in PHP 7.1.

Derick Rethans 1:12

Yeah, these things are both before I started doing the podcast so hence we haven't spoken yet, at least on here. We've actually met at some point in the past. I've had a read through the Fiber RFC this morning, but I'm still fairly baffled. Could you perhaps explain in short what Fibers are where the idea comes from. And what's your specific interest is in adding them to PHP?

Aaron Piotrowski 1:35

A few other languages already have Fibers like Ruby, and they're sort of similar to threads in that they contain a separate call stack, and a separate memory stack, but they differ from threads in that they exist only within a single process, and that they have to be switched to cooperatively by that process rather than actively by the OS like threads. So sometimes they're called Green threads, and the generators that are in PHP already are actually somewhat similar to Fibers; but generators differ in that they're stack less. And so what that means is that generator function can only be interrupted at one layer. Whereas a Fiber can be interrupted anywhere in the call stack. So like it'd be imagine if you had a generator where yield could be very deep in a function call. Rather than at the top level. Like, how generators can be used to make interruptible functions, Fibers can also be used to create similarly interruptible functions, but with again without having to know exactly when it's going to be interrupted not at the top level but at any point in the call stack. And so the main motivation behind wanting to add this feature is to make asynchronous programming in PHP much easier and eliminate the distinction that usually exists between async code that has used promises and synchronous code that we're all used to.

Derick Rethans 3:09

So what specifically are you proposing to ask to PHP here then?

Aaron Piotrowski 3:12

Specifically I'm looking at adding a low level Fiber API, that's really aimed specifically at async framework authors to create their own more opinionated API's on top of that low level API. So adds just a couple of classes: Fiber, and a FiberScheduler on within a couple of exception classes and reflection classes for inspecting Fibers. When a Fiber is suspended to the execution switch is to FiberScheduler, which is then a special Fiber, that's able to start and resume, regular user Fibers. So a Fiber scheduler is general

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